THE ROLE OF EDUCATION IN DEVELOPING AND PERPETUATING HOMOPHOBIA, JAN BRIDGET

* More omission and invisibility than anything else and therefore negative stereotypes not challenged. Omitted from:

- sex education

- literature

- language

- art

- music

- history

- social sciences - psychology, sociology

- biology

- religion

- drama

- media studies

* Teachers not allowed to be out and be positive role models.

* Vulnerable time for Lesbian and Gay Youth when many coming out. No/little support from teachers, counsellors, anyone.

* Verbal, physical abuse, ostracism of Lesbian and Gay Youth from other pupils and from teachers.

* Pressure to conform to heterosexuality from other pupils.

* No books in school libraries.

* Universities: invisibility (or tokenistic inclusion) in curricula and thereby perpetuating beliefs in, e.g. Freud's theories, and other, negative stereotypes.

* Professional training: invisibility of issues; tokenistic inclusion; superficial level of understanding - ignoring important research from the U.S.A. and elsewhere.

© J. Bridget/Lesbian Information Service, 1996