SOME EFFECTS OF SEX-ROLE STEREOTYPING ON GAY MEN AND LESBIAN WOMEN


  Gay Men     Lesbian Women
        _____________________________
  |     |
As men conditioned to be   As women conditioned to be
sexual (& physiology helps)        sexual only in relation to
more emphasis on sex   men (& physiology helps)
  |     |
Adolescent boys almost   Masturbation less common among
universally masturbate   adolescent girls
  |     |
Boys more likely to have   Girls less likely to have
same-sex experiments   same-sex experiments
  |     |
Male homosexuality more   Female homosexuality less
visibile; boys more aware   visible; girls less aware
of it and more likely to   of it and less likely to
talk about it     talk about it
  |     |
More aware of personal   Less aware of personal
sexuality and less likely   sexuality and more likely
to believe what told   to believe what told
  |     |
Behaviours more likely to   Behaviours less likely to
follow feelings   follow feelings
  |     |
Earlier same-sex sexual   Later same-sex sexual
experiences experiences
  |     |
First sexual experience   First sexual experience
likely to be homosexual   likely to be heterosexual
  |     |
Less likely to experience   More likely to experience
sexual abuse in family -   sexual abuse in family -
less confusion over sexuality        more confusion over sexuality
  |     |
Come out as homosexual   Come out as homosexual
earlier and more likely   later and more likely
to be out, more support   to be closetted, less support
available, more likely to   available, less likely to
use agencies     use agencies
  |     |
Stronger identity, less   Weaker identity, more
likely to be confused or to        likely to be confused and to
consider or try changing   consider and try changing
  |     |
Parents more likely to   Parents less likely to
believe, therefore less   believe, therefore more
pressure to change   pressure to change
  |     |
Better education, jobs and   Worse education, jobs and
money, therefore more   money, therefore more
independent from family,   dependent on family,
especially housing   especially housing
  |     |
Less likely to have children        More likely to have children
  |     |
Less likely to get married   More likely to get married
  |     |
Young Gay men find out   Young Lesbian Women find out
about Homosexuality   about Homosexuality
through sexual contacts   through the media (hence
with older Gay men (hence   more isolated/invisible)
emphasis on sex/risk of HIV   |
  |     |
Less isolated and more   More isolated and less
likely to find partners;   likely to find partners;
  |     |
More out than lesbians   More closetted than gays
  |     |
More positive role models   Few positive role models
  |     |
Easier to contact for   Difficult to contact for
research purposes   research purposes
  |     |
More research therefore   Less research therere
more aware of needs   less aware of needs
  |     |
Appears to be more gay   Appears to be fewer lesbians
men than lesbians   than gay men

© Lesbian Information Service 1994

References

SEXUAL ORIENTATION SURVEY OF STUDENTS ON THE SAN FRANCISCO STATE UNIVERSITY CAMPUS, MICHAEL G. SHIVELY, JOHN P. DE CECCO, JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY, VOL 4(1) FALL 1978, P29-39.

SEXUAL ASPIRATIONS AND SEXUAL BEHAVIORS AMONG HOMOSEXUALLY BEHAVING MALES AND FEMALES: THE IMPACT OF THE GAY COMMUNITY, KENNETH L. NYBERG, JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY, VOL 2(12), FALL 1976, P29-38.

HOMOSEXUALITY AND LESBIANISM, D.J. WEST, BRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY, VOL 143, 1983, P221-226.

MALE AND FEMALE HOMOSEXUALITY: A COMPREHENSIVE INVESTIGATION, MARCEL T. SAGHIR, ELI ROBINS, WILLIAMS & WILKINS, 1973. REVIEW IN JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY VOL 1(1) 1974, P131-134.

SOMETHING TO TELL YOU...THE EXPERIENCES AND NEEDS OF YOUNG LESBIANS AND GAY MEN IN LONDON, LORRAINE TRENCHARD, HUGH WARREN, LONDON GAY TEENAGE GROUP, 1984.

HOMOSEXUALITIES, A STUDY OF DIVERSITY AMONG MEN & WOMEN, ALAN P. BELL, MARTIN S. WEINBERG, MITCHELL BEAZLEY, 1978.

THE GAY REPORT, LESBIANS AND GAY MEN SPEAK OUT ABOUT SEXUAL EXPERIENCES AND LIFESTYLES, KARLA JAY, ALLEN YOUNG, SUMMIT BOOKS, 1977.

CAMDEN RESEARCH PROJECT, 1991.